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Battery Waste Management Authorization

Batteries are hard to displace in the modern world due to their entrance into every aspect of human life. There are many heavy metals in these batteries, including cadmium, copper, arsenic, mercury, nickel, or zinc, all of which are hazardous


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The Battery Management and Handling Rules were adopted in 2001 with the primary purpose of ensuring the safe handling of discarded lead-acid batteries for all holders of stakes. Rules are created to adequately track and document the selling or importation of lead-acid batteries and the recall of used batteries by registered recyclers for their recycling in order to protect the environment. Improper processing and disposal of lead will result in workplace health hazards and environmental effects in the local region. Therefore, ensuring that secondary lead production is done in the facilities licensed by Central or State Pollution Control Boards in an environmentally friendly manner is important. It must be ensured that all the recycled channels are transformed into registered recycling facilities. It is also important to stop the smelting of used lead-acid batteries at the backyard which is rife in the country at present.

Responsibilities for manufacturers, importers, re-conditioners, and assemblers have been set out in the Batteries Regulations to ensure that used batteries are collected back and diverted to licensed recyclers. Responsibilities have also been placed on other holders of stakes such as retailers, recyclers, buyers, auctioneers, regulators and customs authorities.

Lead bearing wastes are produced from used lead-acid batteries, battery manufacturing industries, lead oxide manufacturers, cable companies, smelter slags and other lead-bearing scrap materials such as used lead electrodes from primary and secondary zinc processing units using electrolytic methods, lead scrap from printing presses, lead pipes, etc.

"In the 2001 Battery (Management and Handling) Regulations significant factors were removed. Battery manufacturers were responsible for recycling old batteries but they were not allowed to register their businesses. Battery dealers would be obliged to issue purchase invoices under the new regulations (when they buy used batteries). Previously, dealers had to register with state pollution control boards but there was no mention of issuing purchase invoice for old batteries,

Need for Battery Waste Management:

Batteries are hard to displace in the modern world due to their entrance into every aspect of human life. There are many heavy metals in these batteries, including cadmium, copper, arsenic, mercury, nickel, or zinc, all of which are hazardous to human health and climate. The casual disposal of spent batteries into landfills inevitably results in heavy metals and other toxic substances being percolated into the soil and water, contaminating food and water supplies and making them unhealthy for use by mankind and wildlife. The incorrect incineration results in the release into the air of certain toxic metals through stack gases or accumulation in the ash created by the method of combustion. The proper disposal of battery waste is therefore much more important than battery production; however, this is often a neglected problem, especially in developing and poor countries. The adversities created by careless disposal of spent batteries are prevented and regulated by three existing methods. There are three Rs:

  • Raising,
  • Recharging and
  • Recycling.

The present article first examines the impact of battery waste on human health and the environment, and then focuses on strategies for controlling it.

So, battery waste management is required for protecting the environment from toxic waste which will be released after improper disposal of battery.

Who needs authorization

Every importer

Means a person who imports new lead-acid batteries or components containing lead thereof for the purpose of sale


Means a person who manufactures lead-acid batteries by assembling various components


Means a person involved in repairing of lead-acid batteries for selling the same in the market

Responsibility of Manufacturer, importer, Assembler, and re-conditioner in managing waste:

➲ Ensure the batteries used are collected back according to the schedule

➲ Ensure that used batteries are of the same form and specifications as the new batteries sold

➲ Submit their sales and buy-back to the State Board on a half-yearly basis in Form-I by 30 June and 30 December of each year

➲ Establish collection centers either individually or jointly-at different locations for customer or dealer collection of used batteries;

➲ Ensure that used collected batteries are sent to authorized recyclers only

➲ Ensure that appropriate arrangements are made with dealers for safe transport to the premises of registered recyclers from collection centers and ensure no environmental harm occurs during transport;

➲ Creating public awareness of the following lead hazards through ads, publications, posters or through other means;

➲ Consumers are responsible only for returning their used batteries to the dealers or for shipping them to designated collection centers and dealer addresses and designated collection centers.

➲ Notify the State Board or the Ministry of Environment and Forests of any infringements committed by the dealers.

Documents required for this registration

➲  For partnership and proprietary type concern:

a. PAN card of Proprietor and Partner

b. PAN of entity

c. GST certificated.

d. Business address proof (like a rent agreement, proof of ownership)

e. Factory/ trade license

f. Electricity bill

g. Layout plan


➲  For company type concern

a. All of the mentioned above

b. COI (certificate of incorporation)

c. MOA

d. Board resolution for appointing authorized signatory

Space Requirement for Recyclers

As a general rule, a recycler of the capacity of 1 ton per day shall require a minimum of 500 square meters area. Authorization to recyclers may be preferred if they have a minimum operational capacity of 5 MT/day with an area of about 2500 Square meters.

The Storage capacity of any collection center should commensurate with the volume of operations (weight and number) and the category of E-waste. Space needed for storage of different category of e-waste is given below:



Area needed for storage



4.0 m3/Tonne


Monitors (CRT)

5.0 m3/Tonne



5.0 m3/Tonne


ITEW11 to ITEW14

3.0 m3/Tonne`



1.0 m3/Tonne



3.0 m3/Tonne



6.5 m3/Tonne



10.0 m3/Tonne



7.5 m3/Tonne



6.0 m3/Tonne



1.0 m3/Tonne


Collection Centre Should store e-waste product category wise.

As a general rule, a refurbisher of the capacity of 1 tonne per day shall require a minimum of 150 square meters area of refurbishing, temporary storage of e-waste generated and space for refurbished EEE



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