Advance payment of tax represents a proactive approach to fulfilling one's tax obligations. By estimating the expected income tax liability for the year, taxpayers—be it individuals, businesses, or professionals—with a tax obligation exceeding INR 10,000, must calculate and disburse their dues in installments. This method contrasts the traditional lump-sum payment at the fiscal year's end and excludes seniors over 60 not earning from business or profession.

We understand managing finances can be complex; hence, our guide outlines the intricacies of advance tax payment. From eligibility criteria to due dates, and from calculation methods to payment options, we're here to help streamline your tax return process. Discover insights on avoiding penalties and making savvy decisions to manage capital gains and advance tax payments effectively.

Understanding Advanced Income Tax

Advance tax payment is a fiscal responsibility that ensures taxpayers contribute to government coffers as they earn throughout the year. This system allows for a more balanced and manageable approach to tax payment, avoiding the year-end rush and the financial strain of a lump-sum payment. Here's what you need to know about this pre-emptive tax measure:

1. Mechanics of Advance Tax Payment:

  • Income Estimation: Advance tax is calculated on your estimated income for the financial year, including salary, interest, capital gains, rental income, and profits from business or freelancing.
  • Instalment Payments: As opposed to a one-time payment at the end of the fiscal year, advance tax is paid in instalments. The due dates for these payments are stipulated by the income tax department.
  • Tax Calculation: The amount payable is determined by applying the appropriate income tax slab rates to your estimated taxable income after accounting for deductions and reliefs under section 87A, including surcharge, education cess, and SHEC.

2. Eligibility and Exclusions:

  • Who Should Pay: If your calculated tax liability for the year equals or exceeds INR 10,000, you're obliged to pay advance tax. This applies after considering TDS from the previous year.
  • Senior Citizen Provision: Senior citizens above the age of 60, not earning from business or profession, are exempt from making advance tax payments.
  • Special Circumstances: Income such as capital gains or lottery winnings is subject to advance tax but only becomes applicable after the income is actually received.

Benefits a3. nd Compliance:

  • Easing the Year-End Burden: By distributing tax payments throughout the year, you mitigate last-minute payment stress and the risk of failing to pay taxes on time.
  • Supporting Government Funding: Timely advance tax payments assist in the smooth functioning of government operations by ensuring a steady inflow of funds.
  • Payment Method: Taxes are paid using Challan No. ITNS 280 by the prescribed due dates, which can be easily done online for convenience.

    By understanding the advance payment of tax, you align with the proactive approach of managing your tax liabilities effectively. Remember, staying informed and prepared can make the process of advance tax payment a stress-free part of your financial planning.

Eligibility Criteria for Advance Tax Payment

Eligibility Criteria for Advance Tax Payment

Advance tax payment is an integral part of income tax compliance for many taxpayers. Understanding who is obligated and who is exempt can help ensure that you meet your tax responsibilities efficiently. Here are the key eligibility criteria:

Tax Liability Threshold:

  • Every individual, Hindu Undivided Family (HUF), business, or professional whose estimated tax liability for the year is INR 10,000 or more is required to pay advance tax.
  • This threshold applies after adjusting for any Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) for the financial year.

Age-Based Exemptions:

  • Senior citizens aged 60 years or above, who do not have income from a business or profession, are exempt from paying advance tax.
  • This exemption applies to resident senior citizens, ensuring that they do not have the additional burden of advance tax payment if they are not engaged in business activities.

Income Source Considerations:

  • Salaried individuals, freelancers, and businesses with a tax liability of INR 10,000 or more must pay advance tax.
  • Non-resident Indians (NRIs) with an estimated tax liability exceeding INR 10,000 from income accrued in India are also required to make advance tax payments.
  • Taxpayers under the presumptive tax regime—Section 44AD for businesses and Section 44ADA for professionals—must pay the entire amount of their advance tax in one installment by March 15.

Special Categories:

  • Corporate entities, partnership firms, Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs), and non-resident taxpayers are mandated to pay advance tax if their estimated tax liability exceeds the INR 10,000 mark.
  • Individuals who have opted for the presumptive taxation scheme under sections 44AD or 44ADA are required to pay their entire advance tax amount in one installment on or before March 15.

Exclusions from Advance Tax:

  • Income that falls below the taxable limit, farmers, and agriculturists are not required to pay advance tax.
  • Salary income typically does not necessitate advance tax payment as employers deduct TDS.
  • Dividend income is also not subject to advance tax.

It is important to note that if more advance tax is paid than the actual tax liability at the end of the financial year, taxpayers are eligible for a refund. Staying informed about these criteria can help you navigate the advance tax payment process and avoid any penalties for non-compliance.

Calculating Your Advance Tax Liability

Calculating your advance tax liability need not be a daunting task. We, at Corpzo, believe in empowering you with the right tools and knowledge to manage your tax obligations with ease. Here’s how you can accurately estimate your advance tax:

Step-by-Step Calculation of Advance Tax Liability:

1. Estimate Your Income:

  • Start by estimating your total income from all sources for the financial year, including salary, rental income, capital gains, and business or professional income.
  • Remember to include any additional income that may not be subject to TDS.

2. Apply Deductions and Exemptions:

  • Deduct eligible amounts under various sections like Section 80C and other applicable deductions to arrive at your gross taxable income.
  • Ensure to subtract any exemptions you are entitled to, in order to accurately calculate your taxable income.

3. Compute Tax on Taxable Income:

  • Apply the latest income tax slab rates to your estimated taxable income.
  • If you have opted for a specific tax regime, such as 115BAC or 115BAA, ensure to compute the tax accordingly.

4. Account for TDS/TCS:

  • Subtract any TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) or TCS (Tax Collected at Source) that has already been paid from your calculated tax amount.
  • It’s important to account for any tax credits that may reduce your overall tax liability.

5. Final Advance Tax Calculation:

  • If the resulting tax liability after deductions, exemptions, and TDS/TCS exceeds Rs. 10,000, you are liable to pay advance tax.
  • The formula to keep in mind is: Estimated total income — Deductions — Exemptions = Taxable income.

Utilizing the Advance Tax Calculator:

  • The Income Tax Department offers an Advance Tax Calculator on their official website to simplify this process for you.
  • Select your taxpayer category and input details such as income from various sources and deductions.
  • The calculator will automatically factor in the relevant tax rates, deductions, reliefs, surcharges, and provide a detailed breakdown of your tax liability.
  • It’s user-friendly for individuals, HUFs, AOPs/BOIs, companies, firms, LLPs, and cooperative societies.

Important Considerations:

  • While the Advance Tax Calculator is a helpful tool, always cross-reference your calculations with the provisions contained in the relevant Acts, Rules, etc., when filing your tax return.
  • Be mindful of the due dates for advance tax payments to avoid any penalties for late payment.
  • If you have paid more advance tax than your actual liability, you are eligible for a refund.

    By following these steps and making use of the available resources, you can confidently manage your advance tax payments. We encourage you to take control of your finances and stay ahead with your tax planning.

Due Dates and Rates for Advance Tax Payments

At Corpzo, we're committed to guiding you through the intricacies of advance tax payments, ensuring you meet your obligations with confidence. Here's what you need to know about the due dates and rates for advance tax payments:

Due Dates for Advance Tax Payments:

  • First Installment: On or before June 15th, you should pay 15% of your estimated advance tax liability.
  • Second Installment: By September 15th, ensure that you've paid a cumulative total of 45% of your advance tax, after subtracting the amount already paid in the first installment.
  • Third Installment: December 15th is the deadline for having paid up to 75% of your advance tax liability, taking into account the previous payments.
  • Final Installment: The last payment should bring your total advance tax payment to 100%, and it's due by March 15th of the following financial year.

Rates for Advance Tax Payments:

For individuals and businesses, the rates for advance tax payments are structured as follows:

Individuals and Self-Employed:

  • By September 15th: At least 30% of the advance tax liability.
  • By December 15th: At least 60% of the advance tax liability.
  • By March 15th: The full 100% of the advance tax liability.


  • By June 15th: At least 15% of the advance tax liability.
  • By September 15th: At least 45% of the advance tax liability.
  • By December 15th: At least 75% of the advance tax liability.
  • By March 15th: The full 100% of the advance tax liability.

Special Considerations:

  • Presumptive Taxation Scheme: For taxpayers who have opted for the Presumptive Taxation Scheme under sections 44AD & 44ADA, the entire amount of advance tax should be paid in one installment by March 15th.
  • Minimum Amount: Remember, advance tax becomes payable only when the amount is ₹10,000 or more. It's calculated on the total income of the immediately following assessment year.

    We urge you to mark these dates in your calendar and ensure that your payments are made in a timely manner to avoid any penalties. Our goal is to empower you with the knowledge to manage your financial responsibilities without stress.

How to Pay Advanced Income Tax Online

Paying your advance income tax online is a straightforward process that can be completed in a few steps. Here’s how you can fulfill your tax obligations from the comfort of your home or office:

Step-by-Step Guide to Paying Advance Income Tax Online:

Pre-Login Service:

  1. Navigate to the Income Tax Department's e-filing portal:
  2. Click on the 'e-Pay Tax' option.
  3. Provide your PAN, mobile number, and the OTP received to verify your identity.
  4. Select 'Challan No. ITNS 280' for the advance tax payment.
  5. Fill in the required challan details including your name, PAN, address, and the correct assessment year.
  6. Enter the tax amount you wish to pay.
  7. Choose your preferred payment mode—net banking, credit/debit card, or UPI.
  8. Confirm the details and complete the transaction.
  9. Download and save the acknowledgment for your records.

    Post-Login Service:
  10. Register and log in to the e-Filing portal with your user ID, password, and date of birth.
  11. From the dashboard, select the 'Pay' option.
  12. Choose 'Advance Tax' as the type of tax to be paid.
  13. Input the correct assessment year and fill in the challan details.
  14. Enter the amount of tax that you need to pay.
  15. Opt for a payment method and confirm the details.
  16. Once the payment is successful, you will receive a confirmation email and SMS to your registered details.

Authorized Banks and Benefits of Online Payment:

Banks Authorized for e-Tax Payment: Axis Bank is one of the several authorized banks that facilitate e-tax payments.

Benefits of e-Tax Payment:

  • Time-saving and convenient.
  • Automatic update of the tax department's records.
  • Instant generation of tax payment receipt.
  • Online verification of tax payment status.

Prerequisites and Considerations:

  • Ensure you are a registered user on the e-Filing portal.
  • Have your Debit Card, Credit Card, Net banking facility, or UPI ready.
  • Remember to select the correct assessment year and payment type as 'Advance Tax'.
  • After payment, keep the e-receipt as proof of payment which is also sent to your registered email and mobile number.

    By following these steps, you can easily manage your advance tax payments online, ensuring compliance and peace of mind.

Penalties for Late or Non-Payment of Advance Tax

Navigating the financial landscape can be challenging, and understanding the implications of late or non-payment of advance tax is crucial for maintaining compliance. At Corpzo, we aim to elucidate the penalties associated with these situations to help you avoid unnecessary costs:

Interest for Late or Non-Payment of Advance Tax:

Section 234B:

  • If you pay less than 90% of the total tax due as advance tax by March 31, an interest of 1% per month is charged on the shortfall.
  • This interest is calculated from April 1 following the fiscal year until the date of actual payment.

Section 234C:

  • For any delay in the installment payments of advance tax, an interest of 1% per month is levied on the unpaid amount.
  • The interest is charged for a period of 3 months for each installment, ensuring that taxpayers are incentivized to pay on time.

    Scenarios and Calculations:

Underpayment of Advance Tax:

  • If the advance tax paid is less than 75% of the assessed tax, you're liable to pay simple interest on the shortfall.
  • The interest under Section 234B is calculated on the assessed tax, rounded off to the nearest hundred.

Non-Payment and Deferment:

  • Non-payment of advance tax attracts interest under Section 234B at 1% per month on the unpaid amount.
  • For deferment in installments of advance tax under Section 234C, a similar interest of 1% per month is charged.

FAQs and Key Points:

  • Advance Tax Threshold: Remember, if your tax liability after TDS exceeds Rs 10,000, you should pay advance tax.
  • Rectification of Mistakes: Made an error in your advance tax challan? Utilize the challan correction feature within 7 days of payment.
  • NRI Liability: NRIs with income accruing in India exceeding Rs 10,000 are liable for advance tax payments.

    Understanding these penalties and staying proactive with advance tax payments can save you from unnecessary financial strain. We at Corpzo are here to assist you in keeping track of these obligations, ensuring you remain compliant and financially savvy.


Navigating the obligations of advance tax payment can initially seem daunting, but adequate preparation and understanding of the process significantly ease the burden. The guide provided outlines the critical steps and considerations, from eligibility criteria to payment methods, assisting taxpayers in making responsible and timely tax contributions throughout the fiscal year. By adhering to these guidelines, individuals and businesses not only comply with regulations but also contribute to the efficient functioning of government services and infrastructure.

It is essential for taxpayers to be aware of their fiscal responsibilities and utilize available tools for managing their advance tax payments effectively. Embracing the convenience of online payment portals, such as the Income Tax Department's e-filing platform, can simplify the process to a great extent. As we conclude, remember that staying proactive and educated on tax matters is the hallmark of a diligent taxpayer poised to navigate financial landscapes with confidence.


Q: How does advance tax payment work?A: Advance tax refers to the payment of income tax on a pre-emptive basis, rather than in a single payment at the end of the fiscal year. It is essentially paying tax on your income as you earn it. These payments must be made according to a schedule of installments set by the income tax department.

Q: Can you explain advance tax and how it is calculated?A: Advance tax is a system where income tax is paid in advance for the income anticipated in a specific financial year. It requires taxpayers to estimate their total income for the year and pay taxes on that estimated income in advance.

Q: What are the rules for making advance tax payments?A: As per Section 208 of the Income Tax Act of 1961, individuals with an estimated income tax liability of Rs 10,000 or more for the financial year are required to pay their tax in advance. This is known as the 'advance tax' or 'pay-as-you-earn' scheme.

Q: When are the advance tax payment due dates for non-corporate taxpayers according to the Income Tax Act 1961?A: For non-corporate taxpayers, advance tax should be paid in three installments: 40% by September 15, 30% by December 15, and the remaining 30% by March 15 of the financial year. For corporate taxpayers, the schedule also includes a payment by June 15. It is important to remember that advance tax is paid on income that is not subject to Tax Deducted at Source (TDS).